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If I like sports

If you play a sport seriously, you ought to know the effects of alcohol.

Alcohol does not combine with sports.

Alcohol reduces the time of reaction, increases body heat and reduces endurance.

Endurance

The blood sugar your body needs for energy is produced by the release of glucose from the liver to the blood. Alcohol reduces the body’s ability to produce this sugar and therefore you have less energy and endurance.

Loss of heat

If you have ever felt like running cold and hot after a «big» night out, you will recognize this symptom. First, alcohol in your system makes you feel feverish, then you lose heat very quickly and that may lead to hypothermia. The colder the weather, or the longer you play or train, the greater the risk.

Times of reaction

The relaxant properties of alcohol can continue for a long time after you stop drinking. Alcohol affects the central nervous system and slows down the ability of the brain to process information. This in turn affects the reactions, coordination, accuracy and balance, that is, the most important things in every sport.

Sport injuries and muscle cramps

Alcohol increases the bleeding and swelling around soft tissue injuries (sprains, bruises and cuts, which are the most common sport injuries) so it takes longer to recover. Alcohol also covers pain, so you might delay getting treatment, which could make all the difference to a speedy recovery.

If you've been injured, avoid alcohol - at least until you start the treatment. During exercise, your muscles burn sugar, producing lactic acid. A large amount of lactic acid leads to muscle fatigue and cramps.

The alcohol left in your system after a few drinks the night before contributes to a bigger accumulation of lactic acid, and dramatically increases the risk of cramps.